Benazir Bhutto made history by being the first woman to be elected to govern a Muslim state. Bhutto was elected to two terms as the Prime Minister of Pakistan and was the chairman of the Pakistan People’s Party. She earned her undergraduate degree at Radcliffe College in Cambridge, Massachusetts and completed her graduate studies at Oxford University.
During the time she was the Pakistani President she fought against Muslim extremists and worked tirelessly to restore the human rights of all the people of Pakistan. She believed that women shouldn’t be discriminated against and were entitled to the same healthcare as men.
Although she was a Muslim and devoted to her faith, she constantly had to take a stand against Muslims in extremist sects who believed women had no place in the government. Hunger and health care were high on her list of priorities, and she managed to bring electricity to small, rural villages and had schools built throughout Pakistan.
She believed that people who were inspired by democracy, economic stability, and job opportunities, and the human rights of all its citizens would turn away from terrorism. In 1989, she won the United Nations Prize for her work in the field of human rights. After living in exile for several years, Bhutto returned to Pakistan and was assassinated by a suicide bomber in 2007.
The Chancellor of Germany, Angela Merkel. Is considered to be one of the top three most powerful women in the world. The economy of Germany is influential in the economy of the European Union since it has the fifth largest economy worldwide. Chancellor Merkel’s economic policies during the German recession have included stimulus packages and subsidies for companies who cut hours for workers. At the beginning of 2016, Germany had a surplus in their budget of 12.1 billion euros.
Merkel is a human rights activist and opened Germany’s borders to more than one million refugees from Muslim countries including Syria. To curtail ISIS, Merkel has sent arms to the Kurds in a reversal of the policy of post-Nazi Germany to get involved directly in military actions.
Mary Robinson was the first woman in Ireland to be elected as the country’s President in 1990. Before her election, she served in the Irish Senate. She brought remarkable changes to Ireland with her experience in the legal profession and politics. As a diplomat, she reached out to Irish emigrants and improved Anglo-Irish relations when she met with Queen Elizabeth in London.
She was criticized for a meeting with Gerry Adams, Sinn Fein’s President on one trip to Belfast, and continued to meet with Irish politicians of all parties to improve relations between Northern Ireland and the Irish Republic. Among the most significant legislation she signed was a bill giving Irish citizens in the LGBT community equal rights.
Hillary Rodham Clinton is the former First Lady of the United States and First Lady of Arkansas. Clinton studied law at Yale Law School. She was the co-founder of the Arkansas Advocates For Children and Families. She was a co-creator of the State Children’s Health Insurance Program during her husband’s administration. In 2000, she was elected as the first woman Senator from New York. Senator Clinton was instrumental in investigating health problems of first responders after 9/11. Clinton was re-elected to the U.S. Senate in 2006.
In 2008, Clinton ran for President and won more delegates than any previous Democratic candidate, but she lost the election to Barack Obama. She was appointed Secretary of State from 2009 until 2013 in President Barack Obama’s Administration. Secretary Clinton advocated for sanctions against Iran to force them to abandon their nuclear weapons program. As a result of her actions, the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action was instituted.
After leaving office as Secretary of State, Clinton announced she was running for President in 2016. After receiving more votes and more delegates than any other candidate, Clinton and her running mate Tim Kaine, were nominated as President and Vice President. Clinton’s platform includes improving the Affordable Care Act, raising incomes, universal pre-school, and protecting the legal rights of women and the LGBT community.
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